'''Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller''' (; 10 November 17599 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright. During the last seventeen years of his life (1788–1805), Schiller struck up a productive, if complicated, friendship with the already famous and influential Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
. They frequently discussed issues concerning aesthetics
, and Schiller encouraged Goethe to finish works he left as sketches. This relationship and these discussions led to a period now referred to as Weimar Classicism
. They also worked together on ''Xenien
'', a collection of short satirical poems in which both Schiller and Goethe challenge opponents to their philosophical vision.